Ba Vi National Park is situated in the North of Vietnam, around 50km from the west of Hanoi Central. This park has been known for the three major peaks of Vua (1.296m), Tan Vien (1.226m), and Ngoc Hoa (1.120m) that offer diverse weather conditions. Know that mountainous weather is subject to change due to elevations, and at over 500m, there is fog covering the peaks of the mountains. Ba Vi National Park is included in Hanoi Day Tours.
Scientific Information about Ba Vi National Park
- Ba Vi National Park is located in Ha Tay District, around 50km from Hanoi City, Vietnam. Its map coordinate is as follows: 20o56 – 21o00’ N, 105o23’ – 105o28’ E
- Geographically, the Park is in the heart of Ba Vi Mountain, which is separate from the plain, with an elevation of 30m. In the west of the Park is Da River. Besides, the Site owns some small and steep streams.
- It has an area of 12.023 hectares.
- Its terrace belongs to the ecological agriculture region of the Red River Delta.
- Before the year of 1977, Ba Vi was under the management of some units like Lam Truong Ba Vi (Gilmour and Nguyen Van San 1999). Based on the Decision No. 41/TTg, dated January 24th, 1977, the Site had an area of 2.144 hectares (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, 1977).
- In July 1986, the management of Ba Vi was transferred to “Management Board of Ba Vi Nature Reserve”, a member of Ha Noi Forest Protection Department.
- In 1991, the investment project for Ba Vi National Park was initiated, with an area of 7.377 hectares.
- In 2000, according to the Management Board of Ba Vi National Park, its entire area was 6.786 hectares, including the Strict Protection Zone of 1.092 hectares, Ecological Rehabilitation Zone of 4.646 hectares, and Administrative Service Subdivision of 1.048 hectares.
- On May 12th, 2003, in pursuant to the Decision No. 510/2003/QĐ-TTg regarding the expansion approval of Ba Vi, it was added with 4.646 hectares, resulting in the entire area of 12.023 hectares.
- In 2010, Ba Vi was in the list of the Special-use Forest managed by FPD of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
Biology and Conservation Topics in Ba Vi National Park
The National Park is home to the primitive forests, mostly allocated at the elevation over 600m. The frequently founded forests in Ba Vi are the lowland evergreen forests, the lower montane evergreen forests, and lowland mixed evergreen forests. In 1998, Ba Vi National Park in Hanoi covered 4.701-ha forest including 1.710-ha natural forest and 2.992-ha cultivated forest. Also, there have been records of around 812 plant species, especially the Ixora balansae, Litsea baviensis, and Lasianthus langkokensis. What’s more, the Site shelters 44 mammal species, 114 bird species, 15 reptile species, and 9 frog species.
Due to the negative disturbance and excessive exploitation by humankind’s activities, the bio-diversity in Ba Vi National Park decreases, and some species become endangered, and even extinct. The situations demand strong attention to the conservation issues of Ba Vi. Forests or trees in this Site need to be protected from the local threats. Pressures due to the increasing local populations who hunt species, steal firewood and use soil in an unstable ask the local administrators to have plans to protect both natural forests and the cultivated ones. Furthermore, it requires strategies to prevent the forest fires. And, the locals’ awareness should be improved by more educational programs.
Culture and Tourism in Ba Vi National Park nearby Hanoi
Around 50km from Hanoi City, Ba Vi National Park owns the comfortable weather, good infrastructure, and fantastic ecotourism that attract tourists. Some tour operators have built the guesthouses that welcome visitors to get inside and around the Park for episodes of wild adventures. In fact, it is easy to find tours to Ba Vi Hanoi which stress on the ecotourism, wildlife sightseeing, and adventurous picnic. Besides, this is home to three ethnic groups of the Kinh, the Muong, and the Dao who preserve their own culture. The place is highlighted with villages, farms, and traditional workshops. For example, the Dao’s herb village has more than 300 types of herbs collected from Ba Vi Mountain.
Backpackers can also start the adventures to Ba Vi on their own. Known as the “green lung” in the west of Hanoi Capital, Ba Vi is blessed with the rich bio-diversity, lush vegetation, and scenic sceneries of hills, forests, waterfalls, rivers, ponds, and streams. In general, the best time to visit Ba Vi is between April and October, when the weather is cool, fresh, and idyllic that is perfect for sightseeing, having the picnic, and camping. And if you want to watch the yellow “Tithonia diversifolia” flower (Hoa Da Quy), get there on mid-November or the early December. As mentioned, the Site now has guesthouses and hotels ensuring the sound sleep.
During the eco-tours, take your opportunities to check-in top local attractions namely “Thuong” Temple (Den Thuong), K9 Historical Site (its history was linked to Uncle Ho), Thien Son – Suoi Nga, Vua Pond, and Khoang Xanh – Suoi Tien. Note that it requires the entrance ticket to Ba Vi National Park. And before you go, if you love the festive atmosphere, note the following festivals:
- Dance Festival of the Dao ethnic group will take place in mid-November to December 25th in the lunar calendar.
- “Tet” of the Muong ethnic group will occur on December 27th in the lunar calendar.
- Khe Thuong Village Festival will begin on December 30th and last from the 3rd to the 7th of January in the lunar calendar. Know that this festival is linked to the Son Tinh – Thuy Tinh fable.
- Tan Vien Son Thanh Festival will start on January 14th in the lunar calendar.
What’s more, the travel to Ba Vi might not be complete if you miss a chance to eat the local food. Top things to eat include Ba Vi hill chicken, Da River fish, wild pork, and Ba Vi milk cow. These are the awesome ingredients for a variety of local delicious dishes. Reward yourself with a trip to Ba Vi soon!