- Non smoking
The Temple of Literature in Hanoi, or “Văn Miếu” in Vietnamese, stands as a testament to the rich cultural heritage and profound reverence for education in Vietnam. This ancient temple, steeped in history, offers a captivating journey through time, a serene atmosphere, and a glimpse into the nation’s scholarly past. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the Temple of Literature’s history, its location, the treasures it holds, its opening hours, and entrance fees.
The Temple of Literature in Hanoi is a reflection of Vietnam’s deep-rooted tradition of honoring scholars and intellectuals. Its origins can be traced back to 1070 when King Ly Thanh Tong established it as the first imperial university of Vietnam, dedicated to Confucius. The temple was intended to provide education and training to the country’s elite, preparing them for careers in government service. It was expanded and renovated by subsequent dynasties, including the Le and Nguyen dynasties.
The complex also pays homage to Confucius and his disciples, who are venerated as paragons of virtue and wisdom. Statues, steles, and inscriptions within the temple complex celebrate their contributions to society and learning.
Situated in the heart of Hanoi, the Temple of Literature is centrally located, making it easily accessible for visitors. The precise address is 58 Quoc Tu Giam Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi, Vietnam. The temple’s prime location allows for a convenient visit while exploring the city.
Things to See at the Temple of Literature in Hanoi
The Temple of Literature is a sprawling complex with several distinct areas, each with its unique attractions.
Courtyards and Gardens:
The temple complex is divided into five courtyards, with beautiful landscaped gardens, traditional architecture, and tranquil ponds. These courtyards offer visitors a peaceful respite from the hustle and bustle of Hanoi.
Khue Van Cac (The Pavilion of the Constellation of Literature):
This iconic structure, known for its unique architectural beauty, is an image you’ll often see when researching the Temple of Literature. It stands as a symbol of Hanoi and is an excellent spot for photographs.
Stelae of the Doctors:
The temple is famous for its stelae, which commemorate the achievements of scholars who passed the royal exams. There are 82 stelae mounted on stone tortoises, each inscribed with the names of successful scholars, their home provinces, and their accomplishments. These stelae provide valuable insights into Vietnam’s historical education system.
Altars and Statues:
The Temple of Literature also houses altars and statues of Confucius, his disciples, and other notable scholars. These figures are revered and respected, reflecting the deep-rooted Confucian influence on Vietnamese culture.
The Temple of the Jade Mountain:
This temple is dedicated to Confucius and contains a statue of the great philosopher. Visitors can make offerings and pay their respects at the temple.
The Temple of Literature is generally open to the public throughout the week, with the following standard operating hours:
- Summer (April 1 to October 31): 7:30 AM to 6:00 PM
- Winter (November 1 to March 31): 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM
It’s essential to verify the current opening hours when planning your visit, as they may be subject to change due to special events or holidays.
As of my last knowledge update in January 2022, the entrance fee for the Temple of Literature in Hanoi is affordable and varies for different groups:
- Adults: 30,000 VND (Vietnamese Dong)
- Students (with a valid ID): 15,000 VND
- Children (under 15 years old): Free
Please note that these fees might have changed since my last update, so it’s advisable to check for the most current pricing information before your visit.
The Temple of Literature in Hanoi is a captivating destination that offers not only historical insights but also a tranquil oasis within the bustling city. Its rich history, beautiful architecture, and educational significance make it a must-visit attraction in Vietnam’s capital. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a culture seeker, or simply a traveler looking for a peaceful escape, the Temple of Literature has something to offer to everyone. Plan your visit to this remarkable site and embark on a journey through time and knowledge in the heart of Hanoi.